Department of Neurology

July 12, 2022

No, a Migraine Is Not Just a Bad Headache — Here’s Why

An illustration of a woman having aura.

More than just a headache

  • Migraines are a common, debilitating neurological condition.  
  • Despite great progress in medical treatments, migraines remain underdiagnosed and undertreated. 
  • Migraines involve intense head pain; light, sound and movement sensitivity; nausea and vomiting; and visual disturbances. 
  • Migraine triggers include changes in sleep, environmental stimulation, stress and certain foods. 
  • Some individuals with migraines also experience visual, sensory, motor or speech-related aura.  
  • Treatments include medications, supplements, lifestyle changes and neuromodulation devices.  

Approximately 90% of individuals in the United States experience headache during their lifetime. There are several types of headaches, such as tension-type headache, migraine, cluster headache and others.

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